Construction on the Apacheland Studio "western town" began on February 12, by Superstition Mountain Enterprises and associates. On May 26, , fire destroyed most of the ranch. Only seven buildings survived; the sets were soon rebuilt, but another fire destroyed most of Apacheland on February 14, , two days after its 45th anniversary. On October 16, , Apacheland closed its doors to the public permanently; the causes of both fires has not been determined. Archived from the original on Big Sky Ranch is a movie ranch located in California, it has been used for the filming of Western television and film productions.
A fire in destroyed most of the standing sets, including a replica of the farm house from Little House on the Prairie and sets used in the TV series Gunsmoke and many movies. Corrigan opened portions of his vast movie ranch to the public in on weekends to explore such themed sets as a rustic western town, Mexican village, western ranch, outlaw hide-out shacks, cavalry fort, Corsican village, English hunting lodge, country schoolhouse, rodeo arena, mine-shaft, wooded lake, interesting rock formations.
In spite of Corriganville's weekend tourist trade, production of films continued. Pershing of the United States against German positions; the U. Army Air Service played a significant role in this action; this battle marked the first use of the terms "D-Day" and " H-Hour " by the Americans. The attack at the St. Mihiel salient was part of a plan by Pershing in which he hoped that the Americans would break through the German lines and capture the fortified city of Metz , it was the first and only offensive launched by the United States Army in World War I, the attack caught the Germans in the process of retreating.
This meant that their artillery was out of place and the American attack, coming up against disorganized German forces, proved more successful than expected; the St. Mihiel attack established the stature of the U. Army in the eyes of the French and British forces, again demonstrated the critical role of artillery during World War I and the difficulty of supplying such massive armies while they were on the move. The U. Saint-Mihiel is a town in the Meuse department in northeastern France. After the end of the —71 Franco-Prussian War , the town was no longer considered important strategically, military installations were not developed; this changed early with the town inside the battlefront.
In , the German command wished to take the Verdun fortifications, which formed a strong point in the French lines. A first attempt, at Bois-le-Pretre, despite violent fighting. During two more attempts, German troops took Saint-Mihiel and the fort at Camp des Romains, but they were stopped at Fort de Troyon to the south of Verdun.
During the course of the war the front did not change much in this area. Saint-Mihiel formed a salient inside the French lines, blocking communications between Nancy and Verdun. The area near St. General John Pershing thought that a successful Allied attack in the region of St. Mihiel and Verdun would have a significant effect on the German army. General Pershing was aware that the area's terrain setting first dictated that the restricted rail and road communications into Verdun be cleared, that a continuation of the attack to capture the German railroad center at Metz would be devastating to the Germans.
For this, he placed his confidence in a young First Infantry Division Major, George Marshall , to move troops and supplies throughout the battle. After these goals were accomplished, the Americans could launch offensives into Germany proper; the American First Army had been taken over the sector of the Allied line.
Pershing had to persuade Marshall Foch to permit an American attack on the salient; the weather corps of Corps I Operation Order stated: "Visibility: Heavy driving wind and rain during parts of day and night. Roads: Very muddy. In some parts of the road, the men were knee-deep in mud and water. After five days of rain, the ground was nearly impassable to both the American tanks and infantry. Many of the tanks were wrecked by water leaking into their engines, while others got stuck in mud flows; some of the infantrymen developed early stages of trench foot before the trenches were dug.
Prior to the American operation, the Germans installed many in-depth series of trenches, wire obstacles, machine-gun nests. The battlefields' terrain included the nearby premises of three villages: Vigneulles and Hannonville-sous-les-Cotes. Their capture would accelerate the envelopment of the German divisions near St. Mihiel ; the American forces planned to breach the trenches and advance along the enemy's logistical road network. The Germans knew many details about the Allied offensive campaign coming against them. One Swiss newspaper had published the date and duration of the preparatory barrage.
However, the German Army stationed in the area of St. Mihiel lacked sufficient manpower and effective leadership to launch a counter-attack of its own against the Allies. With Allied offensives to the north, the Germans decided to pull out of the St. Mihiel Salient and consolidate their forces near the Hindenburg Line ; the order to evacuate the area was given on 8 September. The Allied forces discovered the information on a written order to Army Group Gallwitz.web.enduropls.com/pacat-honda-cvico-hatchback.php
Rin Tin Tin: Then and Now
Although the AEF was new to the French theater of war, it trained hard for nearly a year in preparation for fighting against the German armies. By the mids, the studio was under the control of investor Floyd Odlum. RKO has long been renowned for its cycle of musicals starring Fred Astaire and Ginger Rogers in the mid- to late s. Actors Katharine Hepburn and Robert Mitchum had their first major successes at the studio. Cary Grant was a mainstay for years; the work of producer Val Lewton's low-budget horror unit and RKO's many ventures into the field now known as film noir have been acclaimed after the fact, by film critics and historians.
The studio produced two of the most famous films in motion picture history: King Kong and Citizen Kane. RKO was responsible for notable co-productions such as It's a Wonderful Life and Notorious, it distributed many celebrated films by animation producer Walt Disney and leading independent producer Samuel Goldwyn. After years of disarray and decline under his control, the studio was acquired by the General Tire and Rubber Company in ; the original RKO Pictures ceased production in and was dissolved two years later.
In , this business with its few remaining assets, the trademarks and remake rights to many classic RKO films, was sold to new owners, who now operate the small independent company RKO Pictures LLC. In October , Warner Bros. Its success prompted Hollywood to convert from silent to sound film production en masse. However, its hopes of joining in the anticipated boom in sound movies faced a major hurdle: Warner Bros.
Negotiations resulted in General Electric acquiring a substantial interest in FBO—Sarnoff had already conceived of a plan for the company to attain a central position in the film industry, maximizing Photophone revenue. Next on the agenda was securing a string of exhibition venues like those the leading Hollywood production companies owned. Kennedy began investigating the possibility of such a purchase. Around that time, the large Keith-Albee-Orpheum circuit of theaters, built around the then-fading medium of live vaudeville , was attempting a transition to the movie business.
De Mille had united under KAO's control.
RCA owned the governing stock interest in 22 percent. A week it filed for the trademark "Radio Pictures". The comedic Street Girl debuted July This was billed as its first to be shot in Hollywood. A few nonsinging pictures followed. RKO spent on the lavish. German Shepherd The German Shepherd is a breed of medium to large-sized working dog that originated in Germany. In the English language, the breed's recognized name is German Shepherd Dog ; the breed was known as the Alsatian in Britain until when its name was changed back to German Shepherd.
The German Shepherd is a new breed of dog, with their origin dating to ; as part of the Herding Group , German Shepherds are working dogs developed for herding sheep. Since that time however, because of their strength, intelligence and obedience, German Shepherds around the world are the preferred breed for many types of work, including disability assistance, search-and-rescue and military roles, acting; the German Shepherd is the second-most registered breed by the American Kennel Club and seventh-most registered breed by The Kennel Club in the United Kingdom.
German Shepherds are medium to large-sized dogs; the breed standard height at the withers is 60—65 cm for males, 55—60 cm for females. The AKC official breed standard does not set a standard weight range. They have a long square-cut muzzle with strong jaws and a black nose; the eyes are brown. The ears are large and stand erect, open at the front and parallel, but they are pulled back during movement. A German Shepherd has a long neck, raised when excited and lowered when moving at a fast pace; the tail reaches to the hock.
German Shepherds have a two-layer coat, close and dense with a thick undercoat ; the coat is accepted in two variants. The long-hair gene is recessive. Treatment of the long-hair variation differs across standards; the FCI accepted the long-haired type in , listing it as the variety b—while short-haired type is listed as the variety a.
Most color varieties have black masks and black body markings which can range from a classic "saddle" to an over-all "blanket. The all-black and sable varieties are acceptable according to most standards. German Shepherds were bred for their intelligence, a trait for which they are now famous. Coupled with their strength, this trait makes the breed desirable as police and search and rescue dogs, as they are able to learn various tasks and interpret instructions better than other breeds.
German Shepherds are moderately active are described in breed standards as self-assured; the breed is marked by an eagerness to have a purpose. They are curious, they can become over-protective of their family and territory if not socialized correctly. They are not inclined to become immediate friends with strangers.
German Shepherds are intelligent and obedient, as well as being protective of their owners. While an Australian report from provides statistics showing that German Shepherds are the breed third most to attack a person in some Australian locales, once their popularity is taken into account, the percentages of GSD attacks drops to 38th. According to the National Geographic Channel television show Dangerous Encounters , the bite of a German Shepherd has a force of over 1, newtons ; the modern German Shepherd breed is criticized by some for straying away from Max von Stephanitz's original ideology that German Shepherds should be bred as working dogs and that breeding should be controlled to eliminate defects quickly.
He believed that, above all else, German Shepherds should be bred for intelligence and working ability; the Kennel Club , in the United Kingdom, is involved in a dispute with German Shepherd breed clubs about the issue of soundness in the show-strain of the breed. The show-strains have been bred with an sloping topline that causes poor gait in the hind legs. Working-pedigree lines, such as those in common use as service dogs retain the traditional straight back of the breed. The debate was catalyzed when the issue was raised in the BBC documentary, Pedigree Dogs Exposed , which said that critics of the breed describe it as "half dog, half frog ".
An orthopedic vet remarked on footage of dogs in a show ring that they were "not normal"; the Kennel Club's position is that "this issue of soundness is not a simple difference of opinion, it is the fundamental issue of the breed's essential conformation and movement. The Kennel Club recommends tes. Sierra Nevada U. The vast majority of the range lies in the state of California , although the Carson Range spur lies in Nevada ; the Sierra Nevada is part of the American Cordillera , a chain of mountain ranges that consists of an continuous sequence of such ranges that form the western "backbone" of North America , Central America , South America and Antarctica.
The Sierra runs miles north-to-south, is 70 miles across east-to-west. Notable Sierra features include the largest alpine lake in North America; the Sierra is home to three national parks, twenty wilderness areas, two national monuments. These areas include Yosemite and Kings Canyon National Parks; the character of the range is shaped by its ecology. More than one hundred million years ago during the Nevadan orogeny , granite formed deep underground; the range started to uplift four million years ago, erosion by glaciers exposed the granite and formed the light-colored mountains and cliffs that make up the range.
The uplift caused a wide range of elevations and climates in the Sierra Nevada, which are reflected by the presence of five life zones. Uplift continues due to faulting caused by tectonic forces, creating spectacular fault block escarpments along the eastern edge of the southern Sierra; the Sierra Nevada has a significant history. The California Gold Rush occurred in the western foothills from through Due to inaccessibility, the range was not explored until ; the Sierra Nevada lies in Central and Eastern California , with a small but important spur extending into Nevada.
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West-to-east, the Sierra Nevada's elevation increases from 1, feet in the Central Valley to heights of about 14, feet at its crest 50—75 miles to the east; the east slope forms the steep Sierra Escarpment. Unlike its surroundings, the range receives a substantial amount of snowfall and precipitation due to orographic lift; the Sierra Nevada's irregular northern boundary stretches from the Susan River and Fredonyer Pass to the North Fork Feather River. It represents where the granitic bedrock of the Sierra Nevada dives below the southern extent of Cenozoic igneous surface rock from the Cascade Range.
Physiographically , the Sierra is a section of the Cascade-Sierra Mountains province, which in turn is part of the larger Pacific Mountain System physiographic division; the California Geological Survey states that "the northern Sierra boundary is marked where bedrock disappears under the Cenozoic volcanic cover of the Cascade Range. The northern third of the western Sierra is part of the Sacramento River watershed, the middle third is drained by the San Joaquin River ; the southern third of the range is drained by the Kings, Kaweah and Kern rivers, which flow into the endorheic basin of Tulare Lake , which overflows into the San Joaquin during wet years.
The eastern slope watershed of the Sierra is much narrower. Although none of the eastern rivers reach the sea, many of the streams from Mono Lake southwards are diverted into the Los Angeles Aqueduct which provides water to Southern California ; the height of the mountains in the Sierra Nevada increases from north to south.
Between Fredonyer Pass and Lake Tahoe, the peaks range from 5, feet to more than 9, feet; the crest near Lake Tahoe is 9, feet high, with several peaks approaching the height of Freel Peak. South of Mount Whitney, the elevation of the range dwindles. The crest elevation is 10, feet near Lake Isabella , but south of the lake, the peaks reach to only a modest 8, feet.
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There are several notable geographical features in the Sierra Nevada: Lake Tahoe is a large, clear freshwater lake in the northern Sierra Nevada, with an elevation of 6, ft and an area of sq mi. Lake Tahoe lies between a spur of the Sierra. Yosemite National Park is filled with notable features such as waterfalls, granite domes, high mountains and meadows. Groves of Giant Sequoia. He appears as a young man, around 14 to 19 years old with a round quiff hairstyle. Tintin has a sharp intellect, can defend himself, is honest, decent and kind.
Through his investigative reporting, quick-thinking, all-around good nature, Tintin is always able to solve the mystery and complete the adventure. Unlike more colourful characters that he encounters, Tintin's personality is neutral, which allows the reader not to follow the adventures but assume Tintin's position within the story. Tintin's creator died in , yet his creation remains a popular literary figure featured in a Hollywood film, directed by Steven Spielberg.
Tintin has been criticised for his controversial attitudes to race and other factors, been honoured by others for his "tremendous spirit", has prompted a few to devote their careers to his study. General Charles de Gaulle "considered Tintin his only international rival".
It makes sense that Tintin took on his character, poses, he had a way of a physical presence that must have inspired me without my knowing it. His gestures stayed in my mind. I copied them clumsily, without meaning to or knowing I was doing it; this is striking in the first drawings of Tintin in the Land of the Soviets. Another potential influence was a year-old Danish Boy Scout travelling the world.
Rin Tin Tin: The Lineage and Legacy by Daphne Hereford
As was the format for European comics at the time, the early drawings of Totor illustrated the story. Assouline would describe Totor as "a sort of trial run" for Tintin , while Harry Thompson noted that in several years he would " metamorphose " into Tintin. Tintin's new comic would be a strip cartoon with dialogue in speech bubbles and drawings that carried the story.
Young reporter Tintin would have the investigative acumen of Londres, the travelling abilities of Huld, the high moral standing of Totor. Images of Tintin and Snowy first appeared in the youth supplement on 4 January , in an advert for the upcoming series. The island comprises four counties in the U.
Kings and Queens Counties and Nassau County share the western third of the island, while Suffolk County occupies the eastern two-thirds. Do you recall seeing Rin Tin Tin on television or in the movies? Let us know in the comments! Lynn M. Arden Moore. Jackie Brown. Your email address will not be published. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Toggle navigation. Rin Tin Tin: Then and Now We interview members of the family that has maintained the famous dog's bloodline since Leave a Reply Cancel reply Your email address will not be published.
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Stay informed! As with debates over Batman vs. Leno, when I was a wee one it was Rin Tin Tin vs. Sorry Lassie, but Rin Tin Tin was the winner with my schoolyard pals. Lassie was pretty and lived on a farm. Rin Tin Tin was tough and lived on a U. Cavalry post called Fort Apache. And Chandler is about to meet the grandpuppy of a pound animal she raised while living on a ranch in Orange County.
She learned to ride and rope cattle before she learned to drive a car. To help make ends meet, her mother in decided to breed dogs. She had the idea that the offspring of longtime movie star, Rin Tin Tin would fetch a pretty good price. Lee Duncan was an American soldier fighting in Europe during World War I when he came across a litter of puppies in a bombed-out kennel. The original Rin Tin Tin died in Black and white photos show Chandler posing with her dogs.
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